They have its economic base in lands depastagem and of forest exploration, areas that belong to the seusenhor domain, and ' ' they could not subsistir without the decisive complement that encontrampara the fattening of the pig or the goat and to supply itself there with madeira' ' 8. Same in case of families and communities in difficulties, had groups dealdeos (the heads or rich) that they made individual loans or in nomede the communities. The collective communes were based on a federacy of villages. with them, appears ' ' men bons' '. These occupied the important positions.
Essacomunidade alde appeared together with other original institutions in sculosX-XII. 3.ASRELAES WITH OTHER SOCIAL GROUPS Essascomunas had also existed in the cities, in similar way to the campesinas. Ascidades, according to Le Goff, ' was for the peasants a temptation; ' as the metal, as the money, as mulher' ' 9. They were attraction objects in such a way as of she repulses, as well as the things vistascom exception for the Church However, they were not very great. Le Goff affirms that many of them noultrapassavam the mark of one hundred a thousand inhabitants. Moreover, interestingly, many times if resembled the agricultural communities, therefore exactly in the cities osmoradores fields of culture and creation possuam of cattle. In return to the field, we observe between centuries XI and XIII innumerable revoltascamponesas.
In contrast of the urban revolts, that were bourgeois and with oobjetivo to acquire to be able politician, the campesinas revolts had objective normalmenteo of fight for the life. ' ' The majority of the peasants constitua this beira mass of the minimum limit of feeding, to the side of the hunger and epidemia' ' 10. The society peasant was rejected for the nobility and the Church, what geravaum hatred in the peasant. Hatred this also kept for the bourgeois ones in the cities.