The voices that had been silenced and kept out of society start to occupy the academic debate. difference, the alteridade, the other, the heterogeneidade, the cultural hibridismo starts to be the new theoretical categories or concept-keys of the new local and global reality. To know and to reflect on the workmanship the Salesman of Pasts, of J.E. Agualusa are a form to rethink the resumes and the practical ones in the Brazilian schools concerning problems that had been discarded for our society. This research, at last, is alicerado of cultural components interdisciplinares that adentra in the literary space, carrying through one of the great objectives of literature? of being a place of construction of identities, a dialogizante place, a place to interdisciplinar. 2 ANGOLA POSTWAR PERIOD: History, literature and cultural representation the environment after-colonial in Angola implied a significant revision of the values of the perspective tradition with a violent memory, of the recent past. To Angolan literature contemporary fits, therefore, to mean the registers of the past, interrogating in the society the values that must be prioritized. With its fiction, Jose Eduardo Agualusa takes the effect this process, ressignificando the gift from a new paradigm.

In the romance the writer focuses the memory politics in Angola and criticizes the main characteristics of the emergent society in the context after-independence. With the decay and end of the colonial empire and the search on the part of the Africans for the power, to the eves of the Revolution of the Cravos, a tense climate of exacerbada violence if restored in the African territories becoming unsustainable the permanence of millions of Portuguese in this place. In general the propagation of the Cold War in the Angolan territories arrests it the fact of the MPLA to be financed by the communist countries and the UNITA for NATO (with strong North American performance) and South Africa. .