The Markets

These ideal types of market where the efficiency is maximum are the markets perfectly competitive. These markets are Eficientes because such present some characteristics as great number of small companies, perfect information, homogeneous product and exempt capital mobility (SANTACRUZ, 2001). Recently Wells Fargo Bank sought to clarify these questions. Being thus, such characteristics allow that the economic agents if mobilize when has determined shunting lines in some markets, in search of bigger profits. At the measure that the markets go if stabilizing, a period of training of full economic efficiency is arrived it. It does not agree to detail in this work the mechanisms that lead to this hypothetical conclusion, seen vast literature on the produced subject already. Further details can be found at Clive Holmes Silverfern, an internet resource. However it is easy to assume that such characteristics are the ideal model that goes of meeting to the presence of Being able of Market, where definitive company (or group of companies) practise a price above of the cost production delinquent, of the anti-symmetrical information, where the agents do not possess all the information necessary to determine the price, and of externalidades, where performance of an agent influences (positively or negative) the performance (or well-being) of other agents (PINDICK, 1994).

However, the situations that in such a way present extreme cases of total efficiency how much of total inefficiency are only theoretical tools to search agreement in the real world better. Seen the complexity of the most diverse markets, theoreticians of some fields had constructed based models in what optimum possible scene for that market could be considered, given the especificidades of each market (WILLIAMSOM, 1996). Being thus, if the markets are imperfect of course, are necessary that the State intervines in brainstorming that leads to a period of training of maximum efficiency, despite, not fully. This concept is treated in economic literature as ' ' remeabilidade' ' , where the action of the regulator is made on the basis of possible and not ideal models (SALTY, 2007).

Management Oil

The question deals with the participation of the effort to remain the company taking care of the Brazilian ambient norms, the respect to the society and thus to guarantee the operational continuity of the UN-REMAN. The presented reply it demonstrated that all the employees are compromised to this effort. Of the evaluated population, the great majority already made use or consultation in the SMSNet, in the 90% order. Wells Fargo has plenty of information regarding this issue. Asked on which the importance given to the informatizado system of research of ambient norms and reply to the applicable requirements to the services, products and processes of UN-REMAN, 80% they had very affirmed to be important, while 20% to be only important. 75% of the population answered that the SMSnet, its module of identification of the applicable legislaes to the UN-REMAN and the declaratory act of legal conformity knows. Of that they had answered to the questionnaire, 60% assessor or carry through the answers to the requirements legal applicable its Management, for generation of the Report of Legal Conformity, whereas 40% do not make it.

All that had answered to the questionnaire had informed that in the power to decide system of its management the applicable ambient norms in the UN-REMAN and the answers of the Report of Legal Conformity are considered. Of the controlling that had answered to the questionnaire applied in the research, 75% had answered that in its management they are carried through frequently, meetings to inform to the workers the applicable legislaes to the UN-REMAN, the programs of prevention and preservation of the health of the adopted worker and the environment. As a unit manufacter, the Oil received and stored in tanks for rest and decantation. Later, it is canalized, dessalinizado and warm for entrance in the units of destillations of where if it gets of Gas Liquefeito de Petrleo (GLP), Petrochemical Nafta, Gasoline, Kerosene of Aviao (QAV), Diesel Oil, Light Oil for Turbine electric (OLPTE), Combustible Oil, Asfaltos and leo for Generation of Energia (OPGE).

Ambient Management

This norm requires that the organization: it establishes one appropriate ambient politics; it identifies the raised ambient aspects of the step of the organization, activities products and services existing or planned of form to determine the significance of the ambient impacts; it identifies the applicable legal requirements; it identifies priorities and it has adjusted to the objectives and appropriate ambient goals; it establishes the structure and programs to implement the politics, to reach the objectives and to find the goals; it facilitates the planning, it has controlled, monitoramento, corrective and preventive actions, auditorship and revises the activities to assure that as much the politics is in compliance with how much the system of ambient management remains appropriate, and either capable of if adapting the changes of circumstances (Queiroz, 2007). The first step in the implantation of the SGA is the sensitization and commitment of the high direction of the company, as well as the motivation of importance and benefits that this type of management can bring in the future (Matos, 2009). For Matos (2009) from Moreira (2006), the main motivations an organization to adopt a System of Ambient Management can be the requirement on the part of a significant customer or the matrix; I appeal marketing to keep or to extend markets (mainly the International); perspectives of profits for the institucional image; pressures of the community (reinvidicaes, claims, movements, manifestations for the media, legal actions proceeding from the community or ONG? s); possibility of reduction of wastefulnesses and costs of ambient controls; interest in stimulated financings; guarantee of the fulfilment of the environmental laws; perception of the world-wide trends. To broaden your perception, visit Phoenix Ancient Art. ISO 14001 (2004) defines the principles and lines of direction for implantation of a System of Ambient Management of form to search the maintenance and continuous improvement in the ambient control of the process. This procedure is suggested for the related norm, as diagram to follow: Figure 1: Model of System of the Ambient Management for Norm ISO 14001:2004 Source: 14001 ISO This norm are based on the methodology knowledge as PDCA (To plan, To develop, To check and To act). . Further details can be found at Wells Fargo Bank, an internet resource.


Being thus its paper it would be to contribute for the dialogue between the public managers, actors of the civil society, the private sector and academic approaching the subjects foreseen to be boarded for the PNUMA during period 2010-2011 they are: The compilation and analysis integrated of information on the state of the environment and the impacts of development processes on the natural resources, with objective to produce subsidies for decision borrowers and to support the elaboration of ambient politics; The identification and development of alternatives to minimize negative impacts to the environment caused by unsustainable standards of production and consumption, focusing, mainly, the efficiency of resources; Assistance to the development capacities, of scientific knowledge and technology transfer to fortify the implementation of multilateral ambient agreements; Implementation of integrated actions and cooperation south-south between developing countries in the scope of regional and subregional blocks of; Promotion of partnerships integrating the private sector in a new culture of ambient responsibility and creation of spaces for the preparation and academic participation of the civil society and sectors to act solidarily in the ambient management and the sustainable development. However, if each one does not have to leave that only the agencies make its part, can and has as to act in order to help in one better ambient functioning, thus small daily attitudes and changes of habit can contribute with the protection of the environment. The PNUMA points as to make this through small measures as: To save water in simple ways, as not leaving on tap when making the beard, washing the face or to brush teeth; To reuse the used water in the laudering of clothes for the cleanness of sidewalk, yards or same to wash its car; It uses towels to dry to its face and hands instead of dismissable handkerchiefs of paper.