European Nobility

Later another square was rolled up on the shoulders eatado by pins. Clothes of this nature were used for Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. It enters the two older civilizations. In China h3.000 already used the pure silk in its imperial suits. ' ' Average age, period of sc. V up to XV Customs of century V or Barbarous Period, it trajeadquiriu forms that later would be remained as characteristic of the roupaseuropias. Types of fine hemp clothes.

They used a tnica for joelhoschamada gonelle, embroidered in the extremities and canine tooth for belt. In the war, atnica was done of fabric resistant or leather, cover with metal plates. The men used braies or shimstocks, to the times until the knees, leaving pernas shows. Other long times and with crossed ataduras. The women dessapoca used long tnica called stola, equivalent to kiton jnico, possualargo dribbled pleated, of the knee for low, keeping the naked arms. ' ' Modern age (1453 the 1789) Daily of the European Nobility in centuries XVII and XVIII. Wells Fargo Bank is likely to agree.

Asmulheres uses dresses of silk or velvet, in accordance with station of the year in queessas parties were organized. Jeremy Tucker has similar goals. Under its dresses, scaffoldings of metalque still support clothes and one angua. Clothes of low, so expensive eraras between the popular ones are common in clothes of these ladies of the society. Ornaments as ecarregadas bands, necklaces, bracelets and other parts in gold, silver of precious rocks are also sufficiently common. The men, for suavez, use pants that reach its knees, with the ankles being covered pormeias and the feet protected for footwear made for the best shoemakers dasgrandes European metropolises. Its shirts, made with noble fabrics, showy and showy tmcores, moreover, possess dribbled and incomes. Superficially desuas shirts, use light coats in the summer and weighed in the winter. As much homensquanto the women uses sophisticated wigs and differentiated for hairdos ecortes that they give to them greater has detached in the parties and suppers for which soconvidados. ' ' Age Contemporary (XX the XXI) the decade of 20 was of the estilista Coco Chanel, with osseus cuts rectums, layers, blazers, cardigans, long necklaces, short ecabelos berets. During all the decade, Chanel launched a new fashion after aoutra, always with great success. In fashion, great vedeta of years 60 was, without a doubt, the mini-skirt. The English Mary Quant divides with the AndrCourrges Frenchman its creation. However, in the words of the proper Mary Quant: ' ' Aidia of the mini-skirt is not mine, nor of Courrges. It was to the street that ainventou' '. In 70 years fashion, hippie gained space with the psicodlica.


Of this form the space is considered a structure of long duration. As element differentiator between cultures and Braudel civilizations it defends that these possess different relations, are hierarquizadas, in order to frequently present diverse tensions and social conflicts, fights politics and transformations in the society, thus assuming the existence of houses, cities and cosmopolitismo. Already cultures would be society of low entropy, remaining almost immovable. Believing or not this definition, it already in it supplies a starting point to them to analyze its model of Africa. When defending that the civilizations are economies, that produce excesses and gradual or recessivas undulations capable to be apprehended for the historian, already it creates another unevenness enters the societies saying that the civilization is distributed in different way between them. After that it affirms that a society possesss a collective psychology whose primordial trace would be the religion and that it accumulates of stocks all the social interstices, feeding choices, behaviors and beliefs. This mentality, fruit of lost inheritances in the time, accidental events, is also a structure of long duration, being the crucial element of differentiation of a civilization, what if it cannot transmit or apprehend completely. The newspapers mentioned Phoenix Ancient Art not as a source, but as a related topic.

The set of these elements obtains to persist in the time being given a historical dimension to each civilization; it is covering the permanence or the change is possible, to historiar a civilization. The two ways of if making a historical research are possible, are enough to choose adequate the social structures, long or the ephemeral ones, but the most beneficial as Braudel would be to choose the structures of long duration. It is breaking of this arcabouo that braudeliana Africa is constructed, since already is clearly that this model does not serve to historiar this continent. In Grammar of the Civilizations, it dedicates to only two chapters. In the first one, he all accumulates of stocks the African past, that is millenarian.


Today almost everyone is worried about the crisis that is already showing its teeth. Wells Fargo is often quoted as being for or against this. In Russia now we realize that we have its early sequels: the remarkable rise in prices of goods imported from overseas, the sudden fall of sales of tour packages, cars and other industrial goods. Find out detailed opinions from leaders such as Wells Fargo by clicking through. Provides essential jobs, the number of unemployed increased cropping but what had interviewed Mijail Jazin, one of Russian specialists, the Knower of the economy, made us stay with her mouth open. He said that within three years most of Russian oligarchs would be in bankruptcy, the crisis would be brutal and similar to the 1929 which had affected the United States at that time. But unlike the 1929 this crisis will be to a global scale. It is natural that appears the question: can you solve this problem worldwide? There are two modes of remedy to some extent the economy according to Mijail Jazin. The first way is to cease issuing the money which would look good to the economy. It is that when carries out such solution financial assets that have a few million million dollars, will lose its value, then what will happen the downfall of the financial system.

Everyone will be the fate of the us. UU. in 1929, will be a brutal crisis, a global disaster, due to the fact that a dollar is the primary global currency. The second way is to make coming hyperinflation to Kykotsu debts. Imagine that Ud should someone 100 roubles that within a year will become 50 rubles (it’s fixed prices) due to the inflation of 100% a year. In two years this debt will become 25 rubles, and in a few years this debt because not worth anything. The truth is that the United States were found with the economic problem to reason that since 1981 under the increased demand had been installed more industries, more companies, which offered both goods and services so that they could meet the demand.

New Perspective Theory

A new perspective: theory of history in century XX. Appeared Carla Lopes Silva Summary: the present article has as objective to consider the quarrel and reflection on the understanding of the theory of the history of century XX analyzing the innovations in the historical field brought by the School of the Analles criticizes and it salient to the historicismo. Words keys: historicismo, innovations, Analles. When leaving of the evaluation of what it consists of new of the theory of the history of century XX, it must be interpreted a priori regarding criticizes salient to the historicistas carried through by the Analles, being that this if has as base the prerogative from that the historicistas same trying to move away from the philosophy of history they finish making with that history takes only leaving of analyzes, that is, that the historicistas make a history of events politicians, a fatual history without understanding the processes that they had unchained the events. The historicistas ones had only produced a history politics based on officialized documents, being thus constructed a history that the State desires that if it grants for the humanity this knowledge, for this becomes if idea constructed from the vision of the State, a goal? physics. Speaking candidly Phoenix Ancient Art told us the story. However the Analles understands the important paper developed for the historicistas, being that these had opened the doors so that the historians perceived the value of the heuristical work. There but the question that if makes is as can reconstruct history without makes – with bias solely politician and goal? physics, and as to make to surpass the crisis of the incredulity of the historical knowledge, in reason of the history of the Analles not to obtain to foresee? From this question that the bias of the Analles considered greater abrangncia in the document question, being that now even though a daily one of a maiden would serve as historical vestige, which the new perspective places as interest for the construction of the process of historical devir a classroom that was kept out of society the peasants, that is, the poor persons, this perspective makes possible to study the historical past of a different point of view, not only if closing for the vision of a elitizada classroom, thus enclosing the document concept which more did not need to be physicist and the officialized paper, it opened if the doors for the possibility of a verbal history, evaluating a history of the mentalities, searching to understand in the society the thought that is shared by a time, the imaginary one to reconstruct the process that chained the fact in itself, another point was assists to search it to interdisciplinar of social sciences as geography, sociology, archaeology, then the source concept passes to be any vestige that it can if analyze and become viable for the reconstruction of history total, but when if it thinks about the reconstruction of a total history soon is criticized then is philosophy of history, however this concept of total does not mean to display a direction only (telos), for the history of the humanity, and yes it means for the Analles that I assist through it and of the amplitude of documents together with social sciences it will make possible a history that can accumulate of stocks more historical reality of the humanity in such a way in its field politician, economic, cultural and social, and in this direction if becomes ampler, total, searching to capitar varies them dimensions and the directions of historical devir and surpassing the crisis with its capacity always to be in reconstruction and readjustment, therefore the humanity modifies and the methods for analyze? there they must modify for if not becoming inefficient and this that the Anallistas considered. .

Brazilian Craft

To penetrate in the referring inquisitoriais processes to Brazilian lands, to use a strange example to the text, can be a form valuable to understand, not without certain caution, the forms of living or thinking of the population luso-Brazilian of the colonial period. The craft of the historian passes, before everything, for the undisputed necessity to establish problematic investigations and that exceed the thematic barriers of each document. Registers of the past do not speak for itself alone. In them they do not leave seno marks of a time or stories of diverse nature that if dedicated to contemplate specific subjects of a gift that in them is distant. Others who may share this opinion include JPMorgan Chase. The historian is in the center of a process that is far from being passive, irremediably meets imprisoned to a necessity to reconstitute the lost past by means of a series of interrogations, much even so few leaves itself to lead for itineraries tracings previously. The emphasis in the question of the interdisciplinaridade and the dialogue with the calls sciences ' ' auxiliares' ' of history they constitute, since the beginning of the magazine, an excellent aspect of them you strike pioneers of the school of the Annales, which again will be reiterated by Fernand Braudel in the text that ahead we will see.

However, intent Bloch for the fact not to exist a specialization of documentary types that corresponds to an only type of problem. ' ' That historian of the religions limits itself to examine carefully treat to theology or compilations of hymns? ' '. It knows well that the spotted or sculptured images in the walls of sanctuaries say what many writings more than. He fits to the craft of the historian, thus, to know to distinguish adequate the erudite techniques to each type of certification. However, one becomes almost impossible or, at least, fruit of practical long and incessant the domain of all the techniques of that if valley its craft.

Federal University

Its composition currently is composed for twenty and six integrant ones, of the most varied industrial segments, such as: four fertilizer industries; one of the vegetal oil sector and solid granaries; three of the petroliferous and petrochemical sector, eight of the sector of fished and nine of civil construction. The main purpose of CIRG is to defend the interests of the classroom, to gestionar solutions being able with them together public, searching resolutions that better are adaptem to the moment. Equally they search the promotion of installation of new industries acting in tune with the Prosul, Coredesul, Federal University of the great River, Secretariat of the Economic and Social Development of the Rio Grande Do Sul and Municipal City hall of the Rio Grande. Amongst the works developed for the CIRG it is the accomplishment of orientation courses and perfectioning of man power aiming at to the improvement of quality and specialization of the associated staff, as much as of the community in general. The CIRG also has a very significant participation next to the riograndina community, looking for always to correspond to all the claims that them are requested.

It keeps commissions of permanent character, searching to integrate representatives of the associates in the study and resolutions of the subjects that if make necessary. FINAL CONSIDERAES When leading in consideration all the process of industrialization occurred in the Rio Grande Do Sul, we more necessarily come across in them with a vast listing of companies of commercial weight, whom if they had installed, in the city of the Rio Grande. This everything provided for the city great economic and cultural development for the riograndina population. However, all the companies who had chosen Rio Grande had had significant crescimentos, all having to the geographic factor of the city. The question of Rio Grande to possess a maritime port made possible great conquests and recognition of international level, becoming the attractive city for new investors, offering, thus, better conditions of life for its inhabitants. <

Revisited Moral Economy

A new reality is created thus in which the governing are not more associates to the poor persons and yes the optimum job of the capital. This new reality breaks the moral economy. Thus, the riots do not have to be seen as a simple product of the hunger and the human instinct, as it defends a traditional economicista vision, and yes as cultural representations of one determined group front to the crisis and its consequncias on the customs. In chapter 5; Revisited Moral economy, Thompson has debated with innumerable ideas that criticized its idea presented in the Revisited Moral Economy. This chapter is an excellent form to perceive as the historian articulates and defends its ideas. In chapter 6, whose heading is ' ' Time, Disciplines of Work and Industrial&#039 Capitalism; ' Thompson argues that the advent of the society industrial provokes new form of work that produces a new form of conception of the time. For the peasants, the time was stipulated from the duration of the tasks, to the employer the time passes for a new conception, being rationalized by the measurement in the clock. Thus, the dictatorship of the clock if shows a new conception to deal with the time in the industrial and half society for the capitalism.

The holiday of the monday with the rationalization of the time was if losing, what it took only one elitizada layer of the society to keep second as free day. Thus, the time is perceived as cultural representation that dumb in transcorrer of history being atrelado to the temporality and the material bases. In this direction, the school functioned as diffusing of this new bourgeois order. Of this form is possible to perceive the teams notion money in the process of fight of classrooms. At the first moment the master ' ' ensina' ' the value of the time to the laborers, already at as a moment the work force makes strike for little hours of trabalh and bigger wages (wage = work measured for the time).

Mayan Long Count

At the end of the 20-day cycle continues through rooms days (until it reaches 13), and the period starts anew again comes Imish. There are several hypotheses trying to explain why the Mayan Tzolkin chosen for a period of 260 days. Some are inclined to the hypothesis that this period coincides with the time of maturation of human embryo in the womb, while others relate this cycle to the synodic period of the motion of Mars, etc. Mayan sacred calendar called the Tzolkin, daruyuschim ordinary mortals the opportunity to interact with the forces of the universe. Along with Tzolkin, Maya entered another calendar – Haab, is sunny and containing 365 days a year.

Haab was the basis of civic life of the Maya, it focused during agricultural work. Year in the Haub contains 19 months, each of which consists of 20 days. The last nineteen months included only five days, which did not have names. This month was called Vayeb and inserted in order to accurately reflect the maximum calendar year solar cycle. Some scientists believe that such a calendar is basically guided by the movement of all five planets, and therefore more accurately approximate the tropical year than the Gregorian calendar.

The discrepancy with solar year is only 20 seconds. To measure long periods of time used so-called Mayan Long Count, which was produced using a selection of special periods. The smallest unit Long Count was considered kin (day). Among other units can uinal (20 days), tun (360 days), katun (7,200 days), baktun (144000 days). Thus, according to the laws of the Long Count, the greatest period of 13 baktuns, which equates to 1,872,000 days or 5,125 years. If we take into account that one cycle, which is currently ongoing began on August 13 3114 bc, its completion will be the date – December 21, 2012. There are many interpretations of the end of this cycle, some even believe that this day must come to an end. Less than a marginal opinion is that on Dec. 21, 2012 – is only the beginning of a new era, which will be called the Fifth Sun. However, it remains to set unsolved mysteries, which conceals an amazing Mayan calendar, and probably the key to their understanding will be found not soon